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Brands Introduction

Intel Corporation

  Time:2012-04-28 11:18

Intel Corporation : Intel Corporation was founded by semiconductor pioneers Robert Noyce and Gordon Moor on July 18th, 1968. Lots of people think that the name is from the word intelligence. Intel Corporation now is the world's largest and most valued American multinational semiconductor chip maker headquartered in Santa Clara,California, United States. It is the inventor of the X86 series of microprocessor ,which is found in most personal computers. Intel combines advanced chip design capability with a leading-edge manufacturing capability. It makes motherboard chipsets, network interface controllers and integrated circuits, flash memory,graphic chips, embedded processors and other devices related to communication and computing.
Though Intel was orinially know primarily to engineers and technologist, its "Intel Inside" advertising campaign of the 1990s made it and its Pentium processor household names.
Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips,and this represented the majority of its business until 1981.The world's first commercial microprocessor became its primary business when the personal computer was succeed though Intel created it in as early as 1971. During 1990s, Intel invested heavily in new microprocessor designs which fostered the rapid growth of the computer industry.During this period Intel became the dominant supplier of microprocessors for PCs, and was known for aggressive and sometimes illegal tactics in defense of its market position, particularly against Advanced Micro Devices, as well as a struggle with Microsoft for control over the direction of the PC industry .The company's brand value is number 58 on the 2011 ranking of the world's 100 most valuable brands published by Millward Brown Optimor.
Intel has also begun research in electrical transmission and generation.[8][9] Intel has recently introduced a 3-D transistor that may improve performance and energy efficiency.[10] Intel will be mass producing this 3-D transistor, called Tri-Gate transistors, with their upcoming 22 nm process in the near future.[11] In 2011, SpectraWatt Inc., a solar cell spinoff of Intel, filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11.
Intel CPU microarchitectures
x86 microarchitectures
First x86 processor; initially a temporary substitute for the iAPX 432 to compete with Motorola, Zilog, and National Semiconductor and to top the successful Z80.
Included a DMA controller, interrupt controller, timers, and chip select logic.
First x86 processor with protected mode.
First 32-bit x86 processor.
Intel's second-generation of 32-bit x86 processors, included built in floating point unit and pipelining.
Original Pentium microprocessors.
Used in Pentium Pro, Pentium II, Pentium II Xeon, Pentium III, and Pentium III Xeon microprocessors.
Pentium M
Updated version of Pentium III's P6 microarchitecture designed from the ground up for mobile computing.
Enhanced Pentium M
Updated, dual core version of the Pentium M microarchitecture used in Core microprocessors.
Used in Pentium 4, Pentium D, and some Xeon microprocessors. Commonly referred to as P7 although its internal name was P68 (P7 was used for Itanium). Later revisions were the first to feature Intel's x86-64 architecture.
Rearchitected P6-based microarchitecture used in Core 2 and Xeon microprocessors, built on a 65 nm process.
45 nm shrink of the Core microarchitecture with larger cache, faster FSB and clock speeds, and SSE4.1 instructions.
Released 2008-11-17, built on a 45 nm process and used in the Core i7, Core i5, Core i3 microprocessors. Incorporates the memory controller into the CPU die.
32 nm shrink of the Nehalem microarchitecture with several new features.
Sandy Bridge
Released 2011-01-09, built on a 32 nm process and used in the Core i7, Core i5, Core i3 second generation microprocessors, and in pentium B9XX and celeron B8XX series. Formerly called Gesher but renamed in 2007.
Ivy Bridge
22 nm shrink of the Sandy Bridge microarchitecture, expected around 2012.
Future Intel microarchitecture, expected around 2013, based on a 22 nm process.
14 nm shrink of the Haswell microarchitecture, expected around 2014. Formerly called Rockwell.
Future Intel microarchitecture, based on a 14 nm process.
10 nm shrink of the Skylake microarchitecture.
Multi-corein-order x86-64 updated version of P5 microarchitecture, with wide SIMD vector units and texture sampling hardware for use in graphics.
Low-power, in-order microarchitecture for use in Atom processors.

Itanium microarchitectures
Merced microarchitecture
Original Itanium microarchitecture. Used only in the first Itanium microprocessors.
McKinley microarchitecture
Enhanced microarchitecture used in the first two generations of the Itanium 2 microprocessor.
Montecito microarchitecture
Enhanced McKinley microarchitecture used in the Itanium 2 9000- and 9100-series of processors. Added dual core, coarse multithreading, and other improvements.
Tukwila microarchitecture
Enhanced microarchitecture used in the Itanium 9300 series of processors. Added quad core, SMT, an integrated memory controller, QuickPath Interconnect, and other improvements.
Poulson microarchitecture
Future Itanium processor said to feature a new microarchitecture.
Intel Chipsets
Early chipsets:
82310 MCA - announced in April 1988.
82350 EISA - announced in September 1988.
82311 MCA - announced in November 1988.
82320 MCA - announced in April 1989.
82340SX PC AT - announced in January 1990, it is the Topcat chipset licensed from VLSI.
82340DX PC AT - announced in January 1990, it is the Topcat chipset licensed from VLSI.
82360SL - announced in October 1990. It was a chipset for the mobile 80386SL and 80486SL processors. It integrated DMA controller, an interrupt controller PIC, serial and parallel ports, and power-management logic for the processor.
82350DT EISA - announced in April 1991.
4xx chipsets
80486 chipsets: 420TX 420EX 420ZX
Pentium chipsets :
430LX ,430 NX ,430FX, 430MX, 430HX, 430VX, 430TX.
Pentium Pro/II/III chipset
450KX, 450GX, 440FX, 440LX, 440EX, 440BX,440GX, 450NX, 440ZX/440ZX-66, 440ZX-M,440MX
Southbridge 4xx chipsets
8XX chipsets
Pentium II/III chipsets: 810, 810E, 810E2, 820, 840, 820E,815, 815E, 815EP, 815P, 815G, 815EG
Pentium III-M Mobile chipsets: 830M, 830MG, 830MP
Pentium 4 chipsets: 850, 860,845,850E, 845E,845GL,845G, 845GE, 845PE,845GV,875P,865G,865P,865PE, 848P, 865GV.
Pentium 4-M/Pentium M/Celeron M Mobile chipsets:
 845MP, 845MZ,852GM,852GMV,852PM, 852GME, 854, 855GM, 855GME,855PM.
Southbridge 8xx chipsets:
9xx chipsets and 3/4 Series chipsets
Pentium 4/Pentium D/Pentium EE chipsets:
910GL, 915P, 915PL, 915G, 915GL, 915GV, 925X, 925XE, 955X, 945P, 945PL,945G
Pentium M/Celeron M mobile chipsets :
910GML, 915GMS, 915GM,915PM
Core/Core 2 mobile chipsets:
940GML, 943GML, 945GMS, 945GSE, 945GM/E, 945PM
Core 2 chipsets
945GC, 945GZ, 945PL, 946PL, 946GZ,975X,P965,G965,Q965,P31,P35,G31,G33,G35,Q33,Q35,X38,X48,P43,P45,G41, G43,G45, B43,Q43,Q45.
Core 2 mobile chipsets
GL960, GM965,PM965,GL40,GS40,GS45,GM45,PM45
Southbridge 9xx and 3/4 series chipsets
5/6/7 series chipsets
Core i Series chipsets
X58, P55, H55, H57, Q57,H61, P67,H67,Z68,Q67,Q65,B65,X79,Z77,Z75,H77,Q77,Q75,B75
Core I Series mobile chipsets
Server and workstation chipsets
Embedded chipsets